What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal Disease is an inflammatory disease that affects the soft and hard structures in your cat’s mouth. Like humans, cats need routine care to prevent or treat periodontal disease. Periodontal disease occurs when plaque accumulates on the teeth and is left untreated. In a short amount of time, the bacteria in plaque hardens into dental calculus, or tartar. This leads to inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) and bone loss (periodontitis). Periodontal Disease is a serious concern and can affect your pet’s health in many ways. In addition to oral infection, bacteria can enter the bloodstream through weakened gingival tissue and damage internal organs like the liver and the heart. Periodontal Disease also causes pain and discomfort in your cat. Although cats are very good at hiding their pain, infection, and loose or broken teeth make it painful for many cats to eat, groom, and play. Prevention and early treatment are recommended to keep your cat feeling their best.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
The best prevention starts at home. At Yorkshire Veterinary Hospital, our veterinarians recommend regular dental care as part of your healthy home routine. Brushing, dental treats, water additives, and oral rinses are available options for home care. It is also important that you regularly look at your cat’s teeth and mouth. Early detection of disease or abnormalities can aid in treatment.
With each examination, your veterinarian will perform a visual exam of your cat’s teeth and mouth. The doctor will be on the lookout for signs and symptoms that may indicate an oral health concern. Examples of issues your doctor will look for include:
- Halitosis (bad breath)
- Facial swelling
- Overbite or underbite, or teeth that don’t fit together right
- Missing or broken teeth
- Tooth discoloration
- Oral growths or lesions
- Tooth abscesses
- Retained puppy teeth
Another essential aspect of periodontal disease prevention is routine professional cleanings performed by your veterinarian under general anesthesia.
What Is Entailed In a Periodontal Therapy?
Our Periodontal Therapy goes beyond simply removing tartar and polishing the teeth. This full anesthetic procedure also includes a thorough oral exam (anesthesia allows us to see and inspect all the aspects of your cat’s mouth), probing the teeth and surrounding tissues, and digital radiographs. Digital radiographs are an essential part of any dental procedure. Radiographs allow us to see the structures beneath the gumline and identify periodontal disease that would not be visible to the naked eye.
What is Included?
Here at Yorkshire Veterinary Hospital we understand the need for all treatments to be cost effective. Many people may be nervous about the cost of a dental procedure and we do our best to offer the greatest value without compromising exceptional care. Our dental procedures are comprehensive and include the following with every procedure:
- Constant monitoring by a certified technician
- IV catheter and fluids
- Full mouth digital dental x-rays
- Scaling and polishing of all teeth by a certified technician
- Fluoride treatment
- Complimentary nail trim
If your cat's dental radiographs reveal problems below the gumline, we are able to address those while your cat is here the same day. Your veterinarian will work together with you to make a treatment plan that is cost effective with your pet’s best interest at heart. We are able to perform extractions of any tooth, bonded sealants, and address underlying infections, as well as other treatments that may be necessary.
Cat Dental Care Resources
Want to know more about dental disease, its implications, and the best ways to treat it? An appointment with your cat’s veterinarian is the best way to know the specific recommendations for your cat. Call us or schedule an appointment online to discuss your cat’s oral health with your veterinarian today!
If you would like more detail about dental disease and dental care, please utilize the following links for the best information.
- AAHA Guidelines for Companion Animal Dental Care
- 5 Facts about Anesthesia and Dentistry
- Veterinary Oral Health Council (VOHC)